Samoyed vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison | MyDogBreeds

Samoyed vs Bulgarian ShepherdSamoyed is originated from Russia but Bulgarian Shepherd is originated from Bulgaria. Samoyed may grow 15 cm / 5 inches shorter than Bulgarian Shepherd. Samoyed may weigh 27 kg / 59 pounds lesser than Bulgarian Shepherd. Samoyed may live 43 years less than Bulgarian Shepherd. Both Samoyed and Bulgarian Shepherd has almost same litter size. Both Samoyed and Bulgarian Shepherd requires Moderate maintenance.

Basic Information

Group:
Working dog
Working dog
Origin:
Russia
Bulgaria
Height Male:
48 - 60 cm
18 - 24 inches
65 - 75 cm
25 - 30 inches
Height Female:
48 - 60 cm
18 - 24 inches
63 - 72 cm
24 - 29 inches
Weight Male:
16 - 30 kg
35 - 67 pounds
45 - 57 kg
99 - 126 pounds
Weight Female:
16 - 30 kg
35 - 67 pounds
40 - 52 kg
88 - 115 pounds
Life Span:
12 - 14 Years
45 - 57 Years
Litter Size:
4 - 8
5 - 10
Size:
Large dog
Large dog
Other Names:
Sammy, Bjelkier, Smiley
Karakachan Shepherd Dog, Karakachan
Colors Available:
White
BlackWhiteTricolor
Coat:
Medium length, thick
Single
Shedding:
Moderate
Moderate
Temperament:
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Curious, Docile, Energetic, Friendly, Gentle, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Quiet, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Territorial
Alert, Courageous, Independent, Intelligent, Loyal, Protective, Territorial
Grooming:
Moderate maintenance
Moderate maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Moderate
Hypoallergenic:
Yes
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

samoyedThe Samoyed is a large breed of dog; a spitz-type dog, with a thick, double-layer coat. The dog was used to help with herding and to also haul sledges for the Siberian Samoyede people.

The Samoyed has been used in polar expeditions, including Sir Ernest Shackleton's journey to the Antarctic. They’ve put up with a lot of hardships on these journeys and some of them have lost their lives on these expeditions.

The first standard for the breed was adopted in England in 1909, and in 1923 the original Samoyed Club of America was established.

bulgarian shepherdThe Bulgarian Shepard Dog comes from the ancient line of Molossers of Central Asia and Tibet, and the shepherds of the Balkans, Turkey and Caucasus. Among the oldest and most valued of the working dogs of Europe, the Bulgarian Shepherd breed was created by mixing the Balkan breeds with the dogs from Central Asia by the proto-Bulgarians around the 7th century. The Karakachanskoto Kuche was introduced to Bulgaria and accepted by the sheep herders. Mixing this breed in with the Balkan and Central Asian mix developed the Bulgarian Shepherd we know today. In the long run the original Karakachanskoto Kuche became extinct, replaced entirely by the Bulgarian Shepherd even in places where the new breed is still called by the Kuche name. Although the breeds are not the same, most of the dog world does not know the difference.

In Bulgaria however the Karakachan is a national treasure and the history of the breed runs deep. One Kuche could run up to 1200 animals and hundreds were used by the herdsmen in the mountains of Bulgaria. There were many regional types of Bulgarian Shepherds with very little difference between those types. These dogs were so prized by the shepherds that the dogs ate first before the people. The dogs however ate a vegetarian diet of milk, wheat, water and oats. The Bulgarian Shepherd lives a long life of often over 20 years. The Bulgarian Army made good use of these dogs early in the 20th century.

Following World War II, the wolves were close to extinction and property in Bulgaria was nationalized. There was no longer a need for a large force of working dogs. The Communist government exterminated large numbers of sheep dogs including the Bulgarian Shepherd. Only those species on government owned farms and in remote regions survived. When the government farms were disbanded in the early 20th century, these dogs were exterminated as well. Only those in the mountains survived. Commercial breeding of the Bulgarian Shepherd in the end of the century has resulted in controversy as other breeds came into the breeding program.

Use of breeds such as Sarplaninacs, Caucasian Ovcharkas, St. Bernards, Central Asian Ovcharkas and Bosnian Tornjaks in these programs resulted in Bulgarian Shepherd or Karakachans that were a lot different from the original breed. There is therefore some concern about the future of the breed in Bulgaria, yet they received official Bulgarian national recognition in 2000. Today’s Bulgarian Shepherd is a guard dog for both property and livestock.

The official standard for the breed came about in 1991 and in 2005 it was recognized by the Bulgarian State Commission for Animal Breeds. Only those dogs that meet this standard are considered “true” Karakachans. The Bulgarian Shepherds are willing to fight bears and wolves in defense of its family and flock. The dog is brave and loyal, dignified and powerful. They are recognized by both the Dog Registry of America, Inc. (DRA) and the Bulgarian Republican Federation of Cynology (BRFC) a member of the FCI.

Description

samoyed puppyThe Samoyed is a large herding dog standing at between 48 to 60cm in height and weighing 16 – 30kg. He has a thick, double layer coat that is silvery white.

The top layer is fairly long and coarse. The dog sheds heavily once or twice a year, but the dog is described as being hypoallergenic.

The ears of the dog are typical spitz-like – erect. The eyes of the dog are almond in shape and while they are usually brown, they can sometimes be blue too. The tail is long and curls over the dog’s back. When these dogs sleep in the snow, you might notice the tail is folded so that it covers the dog’s nose.

Temperament:

The Samoyed is a friendly dog, to such an extent that you wouldn’t call him a good watchdog. They’re friendly dogs with happy expressions on their faces. They make great family pets and will get on well with children as well as other dogs in the home.

Like all dogs, the Samoyed will need early training and socialization to make him obedient and well rounded. He is intelligent and can easily learn a few basic commands.

bulgarian shepherd puppyA massive, powerful and muscular Molosser, the Bulgarian Shepherd is strong, agile, powerful and fast. They are intelligent and reliable. They have a long, thick, harsh coat in white with patches of black. Their skull is massive and broad with a furrowed forehead. The muzzle is massive as well while the nose has wide nostrils and is fairly large. It has close fitting, thick lips with strong, scissor bite jaws. The Bulgarian Shepherd’s eyes are deep, oblique and small. They are either hazel or dark. They have an intelligent and confident, yet firm almost grim expression.

Their ears are low set, small and v-shaped. They sit close to the head which sits on a powerful but short neck. They have a broad back, well-muscled body with a deep chest and long, rough tail. Their gait is a trot with a spring in their step. There are two types of coats – longhaired and shorthaired with no undercoats.

Health Problems

Some of the common canine diseases your Samoyed can succumb to -

Diabetes:

samoyed dogDogs can get diabetes just like people can. Diabetes is becoming more common in dogs as people try and feed their dogs ‘treats’ such as chocolates, biscuits and ice-cream.

Fortunately diabetes is manageable. Certainly, if you discover signs of diabetes in your pet, get him to the vet. The typical symptoms of diabetes in dogs are increased urination, increased thirst and weight loss. Cataracts and blindness can also occur.

Glaucoma: 

Glaucoma is when there is increased pressure in the eye. It can be hereditary or secondary where there is decreased fluid in the eye because of other eye diseases. Symptoms include pain and even vision loss. It can be treated surgically or with eye drops.

Hip Dysplasia:

This is an inherited condition in dogs where the thighbone doesn't fit properly into the hip joint. Some dogs will even have lameness in both rear legs. The vet will want x-rays to diagnose hip dysplasia. Unfortunately arthritis can also develop.

bulgarian shepherd dogThe breed itself is known to be healthy but they do face some of the usual health issues of the massive, giant breeds. This includes knee and elbow dislocation; hip dysplasia; bloat; entropion and osteosarcoma. All of these conditions require medical intervention, but bloat and osteosarcoma are the deadliest. Bloat needs immediate attention and osteosarcoma is a deadly bone cancer.

Caring The Pet

Grooming:

samoyed puppiesThe coat of the dog is super thick and in the Spring, the dog sheds a lot. Samoyed dog owners will need to be regular with their brushing routine with these dogs as the coat can easily tangle. Some people just prefer to get their Samoyed to a professional groomer.

Exercise:

This is a working dog, used to working hard in all kinds of conditions. He doesn’t take kindly to being bored with nothing to do and he howls and barks till you take him on a walk. He requires regular exercise such as hiking, ball games, running and swimming. It is why this dog isn’t suited to life on a small property in the city. He requires a large garden or farm and lots of exercise.

Diet:

If you want your Samoyed to be healthy so that you’re not constantly at the vet, provide him with top quality food. It is always useful and convenient having commercially manufactured food but you want to vary the diet just a bit by providing some homemade food too.

If you boil chicken, brown rice or pasta and spinach, sweet potatoes and carrots in a pot you can chop it all up and freeze it and feed portions twice a week to your dog. Warmed up it can be added to his dry kibble and be a wonderful tasty treat for him. Every now and then you can also include some raw meat which can be beneficial for his skin. Ensure there is always a bowl of fresh, cool water within his reach.

Feeding

bulgarian shepherd puppiesThese are large dogs with large appetites, but you want to keep them lean and active. Feed them at least twice a day with a high quality large or giant dog dry food. Four to five cups of food per day is the maximum.

Health issues

Patellar Luxation – a floating kneecap or dislocated knee. Will cause lameness.

Bloat - distended or twisted stomach. Can cause death.

Osteosarcoma – bone cancer must be treated immediately as it is potentially fatal.

Entropion – eye issues when the eyelid turns inward and damages the eye.

Hip Dysplasia – May cause lameness and arthritis.

Exercise and games

The Bulgarian Shepherd needs a good amount of exercise every day. Remember this is a working breed and they need a job. Long walks every day are essential for his well-being.

Characteristics

samoyed dogsThe Samoyed is a gentle, easy going dog that gets on well with everyone, loving children and being prepared to be friendly towards other dogs too.

His friendliness makes it that he doesn’t make a good watchdog. He is intelligent and can be trained to obey basic commands.

He loves plenty of exercise, after all he has always been a working dog. Apart from the coat which will require quite a bit of upkeep, the Samoyed is prepared to come into your home and make you a splendid pet and companion.

bulgarian shepherd dogsThis is a working dog, intelligent and independent guard dog. Reserved around strangers but loyal and devoted with his family. Tolerant of children in their family if they were raised with them. Not only will she defend human family members, she will guard and defend household pets as well. He is quite capable of making her own independent decisions. These are very intense guard dogs that will respond aggressively if they think their people are being attacked.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Samoyed vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison
  2. Samoyed vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
  3. Samoyed vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
  4. Samoyed vs Akita - Breed Comparison
  5. Samoyed vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
  6. Samoyed vs Alaskan Malamute - Breed Comparison
  7. Samoyed vs Bullmastiff - Breed Comparison
  8. Samoyed vs Great Pyrenees - Breed Comparison
  9. Samoyed vs Boerboel - Breed Comparison
  10. Samoyed vs Presa Canario - Breed Comparison
  11. Samoyed vs Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  12. Samoyed vs Labrador Husky - Breed Comparison
  13. Samoyed vs Argentine Dogo - Breed Comparison
  14. Samoyed vs Giant Schnauzer - Breed Comparison
  15. Samoyed vs Africanis - Breed Comparison
  16. Samoyed vs Belgian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  17. Samoyed vs Goldador - Breed Comparison
  18. Samoyed vs Bandog - Breed Comparison
  19. Samoyed vs Belgian Shepherd Dog (Groenendael) - Breed Comparison
  20. Samoyed vs Dogo Cubano - Breed Comparison
  21. Samoyed vs Dogo Sardesco - Breed Comparison
  22. Samoyed vs Beauceron - Breed Comparison
  23. Samoyed vs Central Asian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  24. Samoyed vs Mackenzie River Husky - Breed Comparison
  25. Samoyed vs Black Russian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  26. Samoyed vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  27. Great Pyrenees vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  28. Presa Canario vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  29. Labrador Husky vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  30. Argentine Dogo vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  31. Giant Schnauzer vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  32. Goldador vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  33. Dogo Cubano vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  34. Dogo Sardesco vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  35. Central Asian Shepherd vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  36. Mackenzie River Husky vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  37. German Longhaired Pointer vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  38. Pyredoodle vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  39. Entlebucher Mountain Dog vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  40. Lurcher vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  41. Maremma Sheepdog vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  42. Sarplaninac vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  43. Himalayan Mastiff vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  44. Mountain View Cur vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  45. Central Anatolian Shepherd vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  46. Native American Indian Dog vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  47. Greater Swiss Mountain Dog vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  48. Greenland Dog vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  49. Komondor vs Bulgarian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  50. Bulgarian Shepherd vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison

View/Compare Breeds

Popular Dog Breeds